River Valley Project location - Click to enlarge

River Valley PGM Project

Location and Access:

The River Valley Palladium Project is located approximately 100 km northeast of the City of Sudbury, in northern Ontario. The Project is road accessible and boasts strong established infrastructure and local community support. NI 43-101 compliant Mineral Resource Estimates and a Preliminary Economic Assessment study have been completed for the Project.

Property and Ownership:

The River Valley Palladium Project is 100% owned by New Age Metals (NAM).

The River Valley Palladium project was acquired in 1998 by NAM (formally Pacific North West Capital, now New Age Metals). NAM discovered significant PGM occurrences on the Property and entered into a joint venture agreement with Anglo Platinum in 1999. NAM was the operator of the joint venture until 2010 as Anglo Platinum earned-in for 50% ownership, and continues to be the operator today.

In January 2011, NAM successfully acquired Anglo Platinum Limited’s 50% of the Project, to achieve 100% ownership. In 2016, NAM’s management negotiated the purchase of 100% of the River Valley Extension from Mustang Minerals. This acquisition increased the size of NAM’s land position to 15,800 acres and its portion of the River Valley Deposit from 12 km to 16 km in strike length.

The Project is currently covered by two Mining Leases. The Mining Leases cover an approximate area of 12,000 acres and include surface and mining rights.

Regional Geology:

The River Valley Intrusion is the largest and easternmost body of the Paleoproterozoic age East Bull Lake Intrusive Suite. The East Bull Lake and Agnew Lake Intrusions are smaller and located to the west of Sudbury. Collectively, these intrusions are eroded remnants of layered sill complexes that formed from tholeiitic, plagioclase-rich magmas emplaced during a Paleoproterozoic rifting event in the Archean crust.

River Valley Property Geology:

The River Valley Intrusion (RVI) is shallow-dipping and layered body that appears to be approximately 900 m thick. The dominant rock types are brecciated and massive leuco-gabbronorite and leucogabbro with gabbro and anorthosite. There is an increase in metamorphic grade from the northwest part of the intrusion (greenschist facies) to the southeast part (amphibolite facies). The RVI intrudes Archean age paragneiss and orthogneiss of the Grenville Province and, along the Grenville Front, is in thrust contact with quartzite of the Huronian Mississagi Formation.

River Valley Mineral Resource

The current Updated Mineral Resource Estimate of the River Valley and River Valley Extension Palladium Projects was completed in 2019 by WSP Canada Inc. The 2019 Mineral Resource Estimate incorporated all the historic and previous drilling data, including that for the recently discovered Pine Zone and T3.

The Updated Mineral Resource Estimate is tabulated in Table 1 below and the Technical Report is available on SEDAR. The Updated Mineral Resource Estimate is based on cut-off grades of 0.35 g/t PdEq for open pit resources and 2.0 g/t PdEq for underground resources. Note that these cut-off grades are derived from metal prices that are much lower than current prices (US$950/oz Pd vs US$2000/oz Pd). Furthermore, the majority of the mineral resources are Measured and Indicated, the highest confidence classifications.

Table 1: Results from the amended NI 43-101 Mineral Resource Estimate.


  1. CIM definition standards were followed for the Mineral Resource Estimate.
  2. The 2018 Mineral Resource models used Ordinary Kriging grade estimation within a three-dimensional block model with mineralized zones defined by wireframed solids.
  3. A base cut-off grade of 0.35 g/t PdEq was used for reporting Mineral Resources in a constrained pit and 2.00 g/t PdEq was used for reporting the Mineral Resources under the pit.
  4. Palladium Equivalent (PdEq) calculated using (US$): $950/oz Pd, $950/oz Pt, $1,275/oz Au, $1500/oz Rh, $2.75/lb Cu, $5.25/lb Ni, $36/lb Co.
  5. Numbers may not add exactly due to rounding.
  6. Mineral Resources that are not Mineral Reserves do not have economic viability.
  7. The Inferred Mineral Resource in this estimate has a lower level of confidence than that applied to an Indicated Mineral Resource and must not be converted to a Mineral Reserve. It is reasonably expected that the majority of the Inferred Mineral Resource could be upgraded to an Indicated Mineral Resource with continued exploration.

River Valley Preliminary Economic Assessment

The first Preliminary Economic Assessment (PEA) of the River Valley Palladium Project was completed in August 2019 by P&E Mining Consultants, DRA Americas Inc., and WSP Canada Inc. and the Technical Report is available on SEDAR. The study returned a positive result for an open pit mining scenario based on a two-year trailing average metal price of $US1,200/oz Pd. At that price, palladium accounts for approximately 65% of the payable metal.

Below is a summary of the outputs from the PEA.


Throughput (tpd) 20,000
Average PdEq Output/Year (oz/yr) 119,000
Palladium Equivalent Grade (g/t) 0.88
Strip Ratio 3.6:1
Mine Life (yrs) 14


Pre-Tax NPV (5%) 261
Pre-Tax IRR 13
After-Tax NPV (5%) 138
After-Tax IRR 10


Mining Pre-stripping 17.3
Process Plant 401.3
Site Infrastructure 20
Tailings Storage Facility 8
Owner Costs 5
Contingency 43.4
Total Initial Capital 495


Mining Cost per Tonne Mined Material 2.28
Mining Cost per Tonne Plant Feed 10.17
Processing Coat per tonne plant feed 8.44
G&A per Tonne Plant Feed 0.86
Total Cost per Tonne Plant Feed 495


Preproduction Capital (C$ M) 495
LOM Average Cash Cost (US$/oz) 709
LOM Average AISC (US$)/oz 709

Exploration and Development Program

The PEA outlined a phased work program approach to advance River Valley to a Pre-Feasibility level project. This work program includes: 1) continued exploration drilling, particularly for mineralization in the intrusion footwall; 2) advanced metallurgical testing to improve process recoveries and more accurately estimate concentrate grades; 3) geotechnical logging of drill core to create a 3D geomechanical block model and estimate open pit wall angles; and 4) hydrogeological studies to generate a water management plan for the site. The Pre-Feasibility study could support the first Mineral Reserve Estimate for the River Valley Palladium Project.

In 2020, NAM has been systematically completing a phased exploration and project development program based on the PEA recommendations. The program includes further exploration drilling and environmental and archaeological studies focused in the northern area of River Valley.

Plans for future exploration programs, subject to financing, include; drilling near the potential open pit mines to increase mine life and decrease strip ratio; drilling deep to test for presence of mineralization below the current depth of drilling (average 220 metres); re-assaying available drill core for the other platinum metals, particularly rhodium (the most valuable of the platinum metals); and expansion of the geophysical program to cover the entire 16 km long strike-length of the River Valley Palladium deposit and ultimately the entire River Valley Intrusion, which appears to be underlain by a gigantic high-positive gravity anomaly.

Technical information provided on this report has been reviewed and approved for technical content by Bill Stone, Consulting Geologist of New Age Metals, a Qualified Person under the provisions of National Instrument 43‐101

General Disclaimer

New Age Metals Inc. "New Age Metals", has taken all reasonable care in producing and publishing information contained on this web site, and will endeavor to do so regularly. Material on this site may still contain technical or other inaccuracies, omissions, or typographical errors, for which New Age Metals assumes no responsibility. New Age Metals does not warrant or make any representations regarding the use, validity, accuracy, completeness or reliability of any claims, statements or information on this site. Under no circumstances, including, but not limited to, negligence, shall New Age Metals be liable for any direct, indirect, special, incidental, consequential, or other damages, including but not limited to, loss of programs, loss of data, loss of use of computer of other systems, or loss of profits, whether or not advised of the possibility of damage, arising from your use, or inability to use, the material on this site. The information is not a substitute for independent professional investment advice, before making any investment decisions you should contact a licensed investment advisor. Furthermore, you may not modify or reproduce in any form, electronic or otherwise, any information, images and maps on this site, unless you have obtained a written permission from the management of New Age Metals Inc.

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Forward-Looking Statements
This web site contains forward-looking statements, including but not limited to comments regarding predictions and projections. Forward-looking statements address future events and conditions and therefore involve inherent risks and uncertainties. Actual results may differ materially from those currently anticipated in such statements.

Cautionary Note to U.S. Investors
The United States Securities and Exchange Commission ("SEC") permits mining companies, in their filing with the SEC, to disclose only those mineral deposits that a company can economically and legally extract or produce. We use certain terms in this annual report, such as "mineral resources," "measured," "indicated," and "inferred resources," that the SEC guidelines prohibit us from including in our filing with the SEC. Investors are urged to consider closely the disclosure in our Form 20-F, File No. 0-30670, available from us by contacting the Investor Relations Department.

Quick Facts

  • 100% owned by New Age Metals
  • River Valley PGM-copper-nickel sulphide mineralized zones remain open to expansion with continued exploration
  • Updated NI 43-101 completed in January 2019, with a resource of 2.9 Million Ounces of Palladium Equivalent (Measured and Indicated) and 1.1 Million Ounces in Inferred.

Path to Pre-Feasibility

River Valley PGM Project: Path to Prefeasibility